2016 Seniors and Adults with Disabilities Needs Assessment


Highlights from this first report related to the senior population include:

  • 20% of the city’s population is 60 or older: 161,777 individuals. This population has grown by 18% since 2000 (compared to 4% overall city growth). This growth is anticipated to continue as the Baby Boomer generation ages.
  • Over the last two decades, these seniors have become predominantly an immigrant population. Most commonly, these immigrants were born in China and have become naturalized citizens.
  • 54% of seniors speak a primary language other than English.
  • 16% have income below the federal poverty line (FPL), which was $11,770 for a single household in 2015. Approximately half have income below 300% FPL.
  • An estimated 12% of seniors identify as part of the lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender (LGBT) community.

Key findings regarding adults with disabilities include:

  • 35,145 adults between age 18 and 59 report disabilities in the census. Most (88%) live in the community, but about 4,000 reside in group quarters, such as skilled nursing facilities and adult group homes.
  • Half of this population reports cognitive disabilities – difficulty remembering, concentrating, or making decisions due to a physical, mental, or cognitive problem.
  • Compared to the overall adult population, African-American and Latino adults are overrepresented in this group and Asian-Pacific Islander adults are underrepresented. This may be due in part to uneven rates of reporting in the census.
  • This population tends to have very low income. One-third has income below 100% FPL. Sixty-nine percent have incomes below 300% FPL.
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