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2016 Seniors and Adults with Disabilities Needs Assessment

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The Needs Assessment is divided into two parts: Part I contains a demographic profile of the community analyzed, and Part II is an analysis of needs and services available to that community.


Highlights from this first report related to the senior population include:

  • 20% of the city’s population is 60 or older: 161,777 individuals. This population has grown by 18% since 2000 (compared to 4% overall city growth). This growth is anticipated to continue as the Baby Boomer generation ages.
  • Over the last two decades, these seniors have become predominantly an immigrant population. Most commonly, these immigrants were born in China and have become naturalized citizens.
  • 54% of seniors speak a primary language other than English.
  • 16% have income below the federal poverty line (FPL), which was $11,770 for a single household in 2015. Approximately half have income below 300% FPL.
  • An estimated 12% of seniors identify as part of the lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender (LGBT) community.

Key findings regarding adults with disabilities include:

  • 35,145 adults between age 18 and 59 report disabilities in the census. Most (88%) live in the community, but about 4,000 reside in group quarters, such as skilled nursing facilities and adult group homes.
  • Half of this population reports cognitive disabilities – difficulty remembering, concentrating, or making decisions due to a physical, mental, or cognitive problem.
  • Compared to the overall adult population, African-American and Latino adults are overrepresented in this group and Asian-Pacific Islander adults are underrepresented. This may be due in part to uneven rates of reporting in the census.
  • This population tends to have very low income. One-third has income below 100% FPL. Sixty-nine percent have incomes below 300% FPL.